France Under Muslim Rule, Fraxinet(um)

After the opening of Al Andalus, the Muslims reached the Pyrenees, the mountain range separating the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of Europe. It stretches more than 430 km and rises higher than 3,400 m in elevation. They opened the cities of the northern Spanish Provence Navarra and the southern French city Avignon. In 719, they reached the Frankish province of Septimania with its capital Narbonne which was fortified and garrisoned by Muslim troops.

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