Muslim Cretan Emirate vs the Byzantines

The Muslims had tried several times to open the island of Crete during the 7th century and managed to occupy parts of the island temporarily during the reign of the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid (705-715). The main period however when Crete became part of the early Muslim empire was the time between 824 and 961. A group of Andalusian exiles landed here and began the island’s opening in the 9th century. These exiles were the survivors of a failed revolt against the emir Al-Hakam I of Córdoba in 818.

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